The HIV Life Cycle : Step 1: Binding

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The HIV Life Cycle
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Step 1: Binding

HIV Life Cycle

A virus consists of an outer envelope of protein, fat and sugar wrapped around a set of genes (in the case of HIV, genetic information is carried as RNA instead of DNA) and special enzymes.

HIV has proteins on its envelope that are strongly attracted to the CD4+ surface receptor on the outside of the T4-cell. When HIV binds to a CD4+ surface receptor, it activates other proteins on the cell's surface, allowing the HIV envelope to fuse to the outside of the cell.

Entry can be blocked by entry inhibitors.


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Last Revised: November 14, 2008

This content is written by the POZ and AIDSmeds editorial team. For more information, please visit our "About Us" page.

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